WHO Report over Diabetes on World Health Day
World Health Organization reported on world health day nearly 422 million adults live with diabetes mainly in developing nations in 2014. April 7 is celebrated as the world health day by WHO. On that day it made this announcement about diabetes. The factors involved in increase of diabetes and the way to halt the increase rate of diabetes is announced by World Health Organization.
About 422 million adults above 18 years have diabetes as per 2014 report across the world. South East Asia and Western Pacific Regions have nearly half the percent of total. The number of people with diabetes was increased from 108 million in 1980 to the current value in 2014.
It says the associated risk factors of diabetes. Regular exercise and food control will reduce the increase rate. Weight control and obesity which is directly linked with diabetes that should be prevented. More than 1 in 3 adults were overweight and more than 1 in 10 were obese in 2014.
World Health Organization insists the countries to take steps to control the diabetes. It diabetes is not well controlled it will lead to blindness, kidney failure, cardio vascular diseases and several other impacts. End-stage renal disease and lower extremity amputations are among them which affects human if there is no control over diabetes.
Lower limb amputation rates are 10 to 20 times higher among people with diabetes. Adults with diabetes historically have a two or three times higher rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than adults without diabetes.
Key Messages from World Health Organization
'Type 2 diabetes is largely preventable. Approaches are needed to reduce the prevalence of modifiable diabetes risk factors such as overweight, obesity, physical, inactivity and unhealthy diet in the general population. A combination of fiscal policies, legislation, changes to the environment and raising awareness of health risks works best for promoting healthier diets and physical activity.
Diabetes can be delayed or prevented in people who are overweight and have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). Diet and physical activity interventions are more effective than medication.'
'People with diabetes can live long and healthy lives if their diabetes is detected and well-managed. Good management using a standardized protocol can potentially prevent complications and premature death from diabetes using: a small set of generic medicines; interventions to promote healthy lifestyles; patient education to facilitate self-care; regular screening for early detection and treatment of complications through a multidisciplinary team.
Facilities for diabetes diagnosis and management should be available in primary health-care settings, with an established referral and back-referral system.
In countries with a high burden of diabetes and tuberculosis or HIV/AIDS, there is frequent coexistence of these conditions and integrated management is recommended.
Access to essential medicines (including life-saving insulin) and technologies are worryingly limited in low and middle income countries.'
As a whole WHO says physical activity or exercise and healthy diet is the way to prevent and control the diabetes.