Is farmer suicides really decreased Since 1995 totally 2,96,438 farmers where committed suicide in India. On an average of 14,821 farmers killed themselves each year.
Throughout the nation of about 13,754 farmers committed suicides in the year 2012. (NCRB)
According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) of India in 2013
- Most suicide caused state was Maharashtra, where 3146 farmers were suicide in 2013.
- Andhra Pradesh, 2014 farmers
- Karnataka, 1403 farmers
- Madhya Pradesh, 1090
- Kerala, 972
- Uttar Pradesh, 750
- Gujarat, 582
- Other states includes Haryana, Assam, Rajasthan more than 300 farmers. Tamilnadu, 105 farmers
West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh, Daman &Diu, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry is recorded 0% in farmer suicide.
It is totally of 11,772 farmers made suicide across India in 2013.
Even though it shows that 0% suicides in Chhattisgarh and Pondicherry in 2013, it is said it is more in previous years.
Almost 5,700 farmer suicides in 2014 where Maharashtra leads by 2,568 suicides, followed by Telangana (898), Madhya Pradesh (826), Chhattisgarh (443), Karnataka (321) and Tamilnadu (68) of farmer suicides according to NCRB report. Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan, Goa, Jharkhand and Northeast states shows 0% in farmer suicide.
The data shows that almost 50% is decreased in 2014 compared to 2013. It is really a good mark but still it has to be decreased and should come to nil.
It is said to be the methodology has been changed in calculating the data so there is a decline in the farmer suicides.
The major causes for the suicides are due to the drought condition, high increase in cost of farming due to chemical fertilizers and pesticides, debt burden, drinking and gambling habits.
Farmers Suicides In 2015
A survey has reported that nearly 50% of farmers aged below 40 commits suicides at Marathwada region in Maharastra due to drought. This survey was taken by the NGO Dilasa Janvikas Pratishthan.
In 8 months, More than 550 farmers committed suicide in this region. on an average nearly 70 people per month were victim.
Supreme Court not satisfied
The report shows that there was a decline in the farmer's suicide rate.
Supreme Court says that the decline in the percentage is not enough. There should not be any cases like this in the country. The bench of justices also minded if there is any need for revising the 8 year old policies on farmers. Whether it is affected the farmers. The justices also questioned the MS Swaminathan, head of the committee to frequently held the meetings and find out the solution.