Tuberculosis is a pandemic disease whose outbreak is worldwide now. TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis affecting the lungs of a human body. TB is a communicable disease which transmits through the air when an affected person spits, sneezes, coughs, laughs, speaks and sings.
Every year World TB Day is celebrated on March 24. The theme of this year is “Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world”, announced by World Health Organisation (WHO).
WHO stated that Tuberculosis (TB) is the world’s leading infectious killer though it is curable and TB deaths match with HIV positive.
WHO has revealed the shocking statistics of TB deaths recently which tells that about one-third of world population got infected by TB and about 4700 people lose their lives every day because of TB, out of that, almost 1400 people die in India.
In connection to World TB Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has tweeted that he urges the citizens of India to take lead to end TB by 2025 ahead of the global target of 2030 and also shared his speech video at the End TB summit held recently. Modi was confident of achieving 90% immunisation in one year and enlightened that the frontline TB practitioners and workers have a major role in the mission.
The End TB summit was held at New Delhi announcing the new initiatives that include the launch of new TB drugs and grant of free TB medicines in private hospitals too.
Meanwhile, President Ram Nath Govind has also tweeted that TB continues to be one of the biggest health challenges for India and asked all of us to join hands to eliminate TB.
About 10% of affected people risk their lives when they are infected by this bacterium. The affected person needs to take antibiotics for a long duration to relieve completely from the disease, according to the medical statistics report.